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Adenoid Vegetation is a term expressing adenoid growth. Adenoid enlargement is most common in children. Adenoid Vegetation is most commonly observed between the ages of 3 and 7 when children are most susceptible to infection. Nasal growth decreases as the child gets older and almost completely disappears by adulthood. The important point is to treat the childhood Adenoid Vegetation problem correctly and without delay. This disease, treated with early diagnosis, does not cause any problems for the patient in the future.

Adenoid is the tissue located between the nose and throat. It produces antibodies so that the body can fight germs by capturing bacteria and viruses that enter through the nose. If your child has persistent or recurrent adenoid enlargement or inflammation, your doctor may recommend adenoid surgery. Patients with adenoids do not get sick often because other tissues that act like adenoids protect the body in the same way.


The nasal passage is the space behind the nose that connects the mouth and nose. Adenoid, medically known as Adenoid Vegetation, is the lymphoepithelial tissue located behind the nose and located in the nasal cavity. Adenoid Vegetation is an important part of the immune system fighting against infections that enter the body through the mouth and nose with the tonsils. It helps protect the body from infection.

The adenoid grows temporarily between the ages of 3 and 7, when children are frequently exposed to infection, shrinks during adolescence, and almost disappears in adulthood. Chronic infections and allergic reactions cause enlargement of the adenoid. The enlarged adenoid causes hearing problems and obstruction of nasal breathing. Snoring, mouth breathing, enlarged neck glands, sleep apnea, ear or sinus infections are signs of adenoid enlargement. If adenoids become infected, they must be surgically removed. The operation is usually performed by removing the tonsils together. The patients can continue their normal life after discharge on the day of the operation.


The cellular properties of Adenoid Vegetation are the same as the tonsils, but their structure differs. Both are parts of the immune system helping fight infection. While they are large in childhood, their size decreases with age. Enlarged tonsils reveal swallowing and speech problems. The enlargement of the adenoid causes nasal congestion. Mouth breathing, nasal speech, and snoring are observed.

Inflamed adenoids and tonsils are common in the 37-year-old age group, whose immune system is not fully developed, and intense fever, difficulty in breathing, or sleep problems are observed. Tonsillectomy (removal of tonsils) and Adenoidectomy (removal of adenoids) are often performed if permanent improvement cannot be achieved despite the use of antibiotics. Tonsillectomy and Adenoidectomy are among the childhood surgeries. Such surgeries are those with effects on the growth and development of the child and are medically necessary.

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Adenoid Vegetation produces antibodies helping the body resist infections. The adenoid, which has been in our body anatomy as of birth, is located in the passage connecting the back of the nasal cavity to the throat. It protects the 3-7 age range from microbes by catching microbes entering the body.

Sometimes in some children, the adenoid, which is large from birth, can be suffocated by bacteria because it catches the microbes that enter the body, and it becomes inflamed and grows temporarily. Infected enlarged adenoids usually return to their normal size when the infection subsides, but sometimes remain enlarged. It may need to be removed when it becomes too infected. This disorder, which is most commonly observed in children, also affects adults. Successive infections and allergy attacks play a role in the growth of the adenoid.

We can list the factors that cause the growth of the adenoid as follows:

  • Frequent flu
  • Inflammation
  • Neglecting infection treatments
  • Intense exposure to cigarette smoke
  • Environmental and biological factors
  • Allergy
Adenoid Vejetasyon | Levent Aydar


Various symptoms can be observed in adenoid enlargement. Although these symptoms are not certain, they are listed as follows. Contact your doctor for the most accurate diagnosis. We can list the signs of adenoid growth as follows:

  • Difficulty breathing through the nose
  • Continuous mouth breathing
  • Nasal talk as if your nose is stuffy
  • Noise when breathing, difficulty in breathing through the nose
  • Snoring during sleep
  • Holding your breath for a few seconds during sleep (Sleep apnea)
  • Waking up with a start
  • Sleeping with your mouth open
  • Upper respiratory tract infection
  • Otitis media
  • Restlessness due to not being able to breathe comfortably and correctly
  • Nasal speech
  • Wheezing, sore throat, difficulty swallowing
  • Hearing loss that can cause speech problems
  • Swollen glands in the neck
  • Chapped lips, dry mouth

If you suspect that your child's adenoids are enlarged or inflamed, consult your doctor

Adenoid Vejetasyon | Levent Aydar

According to the patient's complaints, an ear-nose-throat examination is performed. It is determined how much the adenoid's size at the back of the nose is obstructed by passing a flexible and thin endoscope through the nose. A blood test is used to check for infection and to measure the risk of bleeding before surgery. In some cases, an X-ray of the throat may be required. Sleep studies can be applied to detect sleep apnea. Respiratory and brain activities of the patient, who are asked to sleep in the clinic during the night, are monitored with electrodes.


Adenoid Vegetation, not treated on time, can lead to much more serious problems in the future. Adenoid enlargement, not treated properly, causes many problems from the patient's upper respiratory tract distress to growth and development problems.

The overgrown adenoid affects the middle ear negatively because of its anatomical location. This growth, which causes the middle ear to not get air, brings on fluid accumulation in the ear, decreased hearing ability, and chronic otitis media.

Nasal congestion and snoring associated with Adenoid Vegetation reduce sleep quality. This disease, not treated in time, leads to the problem of chronic adenoid enlargement in the future. This chronic can cause sleep apnea, swallowing problems, speech disorders, decreased sense of smell and taste, abnormal facial development, sinusitis, pharyngitis, and various lung infections in children.


The patient with inflamed adenoids is first tried to be treated with antibiotics. If the adenoid is not inflamed, your doctor may suggest waiting for a while. A slight enlargement of the adenoid is normal in children. In such cases, your child's adenoid may shrink spontaneously. If this growth cannot be prevented, surgery is recommended.

Adenoid Vejetasyon | Levent Aydar

In adenoid surgery, the patient is put to sleep with general anesthesia. In this surgery performed in the operating room, the patient is observed by an anesthesiologist. The patient falls asleep for approximately 20 minutes. The surgeon takes the adenoid from the inside of the patient's mouth. There is no incision in the skin for adenoid surgery.

After the operation, the patient wakes up in the recovery room. They can be taken back to the operating room in case of breathing difficulties or signs of bleeding. In total, staying in the hospital of the patient varies between 5-6 hours.


We can list the things to be considered before and after adenoid surgery as follows:

  • Do not eat or drink anything after midnight the day before the surgery.
  • If you are taking medication due to diabetes, high blood pressure or heart failure, you can take your medication early in the morning on the day of surgery, with a small amount of water.
  • Before the operation, be sure to tell your doctor if you are allergic to a drug.